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Bites and Stings May Lead to Anaphylactic Reactions in Some Unfortunate Individuals

Most bites and stings generally cause minor irritation, which can be managed by simple and cheap treatments available over the counter. However, a few cases may be painful and even dangerous, requiring emergency treatment, as in the case of anaphylaxis. Animal bites Dog and cat bites are the most common in this genre. The bite […]

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WHO Guidelines on Healthcare Hand Hygiene

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has issued guidelines on hand hygiene in health care, offering a thorough review of evidence on hand hygiene and specific recommendations to improve hygiene practices and reduce transmission of pathogenic microorganisms to patients and healthcare workers (HCWs). The guidelines target hospital administrators and public health officials, as well as HCWs, […]

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Ten-year Follow-up of UKPDS Shows Glucoselowering Reduces MI, All-cause Mortality

The UK Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) was first launched in 1977, with the aspiration of clarifying numerous misconceptions and doubts regarding the subject of diabetes. The University Group Diabetes Program (UGDP) study, initiated in 1961, could be considered its forerunner for it intended to gain insight into diabetes, and to clarify if therapy of diabetes […]

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Rhinitis May Predispose to Sleep Apnoea

Both allergic and non-allergic rhinitis are associated with an increased risk of sleep apnoea, according to findings published in the July issue of the Annals of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology. The risk is greater among those with non-allergic rhinitis. In an observational study, Dr Ayse Baccioglu Kavut, of Kirikkale University Faculty of Medicine, Turkey, and […]

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Managing Osteoporosis in Older Patients While Helping to Prevent Falls and Fractures

People over 80 years old comprise the fastest growing population segment in the world. On average, a woman celebrating her 80th birthday can currently expect to survive a further 8.6 years. This article focuses on fall prevention and bone health in this oldest and highest-risk population group. With ageing, there is a reduction in both […]

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Longer-term Antidepressant Treatment Could Treat PMS Much Better Than Short-term Therapy

Long-term treatment of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) with an antidepressant appears more effective than short-term therapy – but doctors should consider the severity of symptoms and achievement of remission before deciding on a course of action, researchers said. Symptoms returned for 60% of women who switched to placebo after four months of sertraline treatment, compared to […]

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Gastro-oesophageal Reflux Disease Linked to Microbe Changes in the Oesophagus

Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is associated with large-scale changes in the microbes that populate the oesophagus, research shows. The changes are sufficiently clear that they define a normal ‘microbiome’ and one that is more than 15 times more likely to be found in people with oesophagitis or Barrett’s oesophagus, according to Dr Zhiheng Pei, of […]

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Diabetes May be Managed the Natural Way

Conventional treatment for diabetes generally entails drugs such as sulphonylureas, biguanides and insulin sensitisers. However there are now many supplements on the market to aid in the treatment of diabetes and insulin resistance. Lifestyle changes recommended include eating a low-fat, highfibre diet as well as avoiding saturated fats and simple sugars. Extremely high doses of […]

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Can a Statin Preserve Kidney Function?

Chronic kidney disease is a common medical condition strongly associated with cardiovascular events and mortality, in addition to decreased quality of life and increased healthcare costs. Declining estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) has a strong relationship to the risk of death, cardiovascular events and hospitalisation. 1. Hypertension, diabetes mellitus and dyslipidaemia are well-recognised, independent, major […]

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The Current Trends in Nuclear Cardiology

Nuclear cardiology has evolved considerably during the last two decades. It is clear from literature that it is the ischaemic burden and not the coronary anatomy which determines prognosis in patients with ischaemic heart disease. Therefore, the goal of the doctor nowadays is not only to identify the patients with anatomical coronary disease, but to […]

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