The Mystery of Endometriosis

Dr Lawrence Gobetz Endometriosis is a common disorder that affects women during their reproductive years. It has a prevalence of 0.5-5% in fertile and 25-40% in infertile women. It occurs when endometrial tissue, which lines the uterus, grows outside the uterine cavity. This misplaced tissue may implant and grow anywhere within the abdominal cavity or, […]

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Mild Stimulation Strategies in In Vitro Fertilisation

Dr Lawrence Gobetz The European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE) celebrated its 25th annual meeting in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, in June/July this year. Over 7000 internation delegates attended. Eleven pre-congress courses were held on Sunday, 28 June. I attended the course on mild stimulation strategies in in vitro fertilisation (IVF). The course highlighted […]

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Treating C difficile-associated Disease

Gastro Forum authors: Dr Herbie Schneider, Dr Keith Pettengell, Dr John Wright Clostridium difficile (C difficile) infection is becoming a more frequent and costly disease, mainly affecting hospitalised patients. It is estimated that the disease costs $1 billion/year in the US. Relapse rates of 15-30% are reported after seemingly effective therapy. This review will focus […]

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Men at HIV Risk During Partners’ Pregnancy

A new study has found that for the duration of his partner’s pregnancy, a man is at greater risk of contracting HIV, and that the risk doubles if his partner is both HIV positive and pregnant. The results were presented last month at the International Microbicides Conference (M2010) in Pittsburgh, US, along with findings of […]

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Bariatric Surgery for Managing Obesity

Obesity is a serious disease and must be treated as such, according to the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) consensus.1 According to the first sound epidemiological data that appeared in SA 12 years ago, 10.1% of men and 27.9% of women had a body mass index (BMI) of 30 […]

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Isolated Systolic Hypertension Affects Young

Isolated systolic hypertension is defined by guidelines as systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥140mmHg and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) <90mmHg. Isolated systolic hypertension is often viewed as a phenomenon of ageing, because systolic blood pressure, unlike diastolic blood pressure, increases with age due to increased arterial stiffness, particularly after the age of 40 years. In recent […]

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Fear of H1N1 Virus Improves Personal Hygiene

Fear of the H1N1 virus appears to be the driving factor behind the adoption of preventive behaviours, according to a study published in the June 2010 issue of the American Journal of Infection Control. A team led by Dr Joseph Lau, a professor at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, investigated the prevalence of self-reported […]

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Early Diagnosis of Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), i.e. ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn’s disease (CD), is not a rare condition. The incidence and prevalence of UC ranges from 2.2 to 14.3 cases per 100 000, and 37 to 246 per 100 000, respectively. The incidence of CD has been estimated at between 3.1 and 14.6 per 100 000 […]

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Contact Dermatitis: What are the Causes?

Contact dermatitis is characterised by a rash that can occur anywhere on the body (most commonly the hands and face) and is caused by something that comes into contact with the skin, leading to an allergic reaction. Irritated skin becomes dry and chapped and eventually red, scaly and inflamed. In many cases, these types of […]

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Medical Outcome of Angina and Multivessel Disease

The management of patients with coronary artery disease consists of risk factor modification and relief of symptoms through medical management and/or revascularisation: percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting. Some patients cannot undergo a revascularisation procedure because of severe comorbidities or unsuitable coronary anatomy. There are little data regarding the outcomes in patients […]

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