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Hyaluronans and molecular weight

Conjunctivitis, also known as pinkeye, is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin clear tissue that lies over the sclera and lines the inside of the eyelid.

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Management of conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis, also known as pinkeye, is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin clear tissue that lies over the sclera and lines the inside of the eyelid.

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A new era in the management of type 2 diabetes

Glycaemic control can decrease microvascular complications in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the effect of glycaemic control on macrovascular complications using currently available therapeutic options has been disappointing.

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Antihistamine that tackles inflammation

Histamine is clearly not the only mediator involved in the inflammatory process. There is an emerging view that drugs that can inhibit a broader range of inflammatory agents may prove to be more effective in providing symptomatic relief in both allergic rhinitis and chronic urticaria.

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Burden of HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis

Cryptococcus is the most common cause of meningitis in adults living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. Estimates of national, regional, and global burden of cryptococcal meningitis are crucial to guide prevention strategies and identify needs for diagnostic tests, antifungal medicines, and medical supplies, such as lumbar puncture needles and manometers.

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Review of once-monthly oral ibandronate

An advisory board meeting of key opinion leaders was held in 2015 to discuss the clinical data on oral ibandronate in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis.

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Ocular Allergies: Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis

Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis and perennial allergic conjunctivitis account for 66%-90% of all cases of allergic eye disease.

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COCS: Impact of Oestrogen type on cv safety

The following CPD article describes the cardiovascular safety and effectiveness results of the oral contraceptive E2V/DNG from the International Active Surveillance Study on the Safety of Contraceptives and the Role of Estrogens (INAS-SCORE).

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Battling bacterial conjunctivitis

Bacterial conjunctivitis is inflammation of the conjunctiva as a result of bacterial infection.

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The Importance of a Balanced Immune System

When out of balance, the immune system not only fails to protect the body but can even attack it, mistaking ‘self’ cells for invading pathogens, resulting in debilitating autoimmune diseases such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.

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New agent a poorly controlled condition

Asthma is still poorly controlled in SA. Asthma is common and in SA it is estimated that 20% of adolescent children have asthma.

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Managing a monster

Most people with the condition have type 2. Type 2 diabetes has been increasing substantially over the last 20 years. The World Health Organization (WHO) says that about 8.5% of the world’s adult population has diabetes.

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The right vitamins for osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a commondisease characterised by low bone strength that results in an increased risk of fracture. In SA, one in three women and one in five men will develop osteoporosis.

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Medicinal use of Pelargonium sidoides

The importance of Pelargonium species, most notably Pelargonium reniforme and Pelargonium sidoides, in traditional medicine in the southern African region is well documented.

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diabetes treatment adherence


Enhancement of fluoxetine by folic acid

The World Health Organization ranks unipolar major depression as the fourth most important cause of premature mortality and
disability (Murray and Lopez, 1997).

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diabetes treatment adherence


Superficial fungal infections of the nails

Superficial fungal infections tend to infect the stratum corneum layer of the skin, the hair or the nails, causing various types of clinical symptoms, which can be very distressful to the patient.

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diabetes treatment adherence


Manifestation of the metabolic syndrome: Part 2

Continuing on from Manifestations of the Metabolic Syndrome: Part 1, which appeared in the February issue of Medical Chronicle, which was all about diagnostic numbers, we look further…

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diabetes treatment adherence


Managing neovascular AMD

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) has been described as the leading cause of legal blindness, affecting 10%-13% of adults over 65 years of age in North America, Europe, Australia and, recently, Asia.

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diabetes treatment adherence


Metabolic Syndrome: Part 1

The metabolic syndrome (Met-S) is a concept that has evolved over the past 20 years, describing a
complex combination of metabolic, malignant, fatty liver and cardiovascular risk factors.

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diabetes treatment adherence


Bacterial Conjunctivitis: Making every drop count

Conjunctivitis is estimated to contribute 1% of ophthalmic problems or disorders seen in primary care setting, and 1 – 4% in all GP consultations worldwide, with bacterial conjunctivitis being the most frequent.

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diabetes treatment adherence


Clinical Update: Erectile Dysfunction

The incidence of erectile dysfunction (ED) has increased dramatically over the years and it is projected to affect
approximately 322 million men by 2025.

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diabetes treatment adherence


Vaginal Infections: An Overview

The vagina is a unique environment for bacterial colonisation. It is subject to dramatic changes over the course of a lifetime, induced by developmental and hormonal changes.

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diabetes treatment adherence


Treatment only works if taken

Keep a watch…on the faults of the patients, which often make them lie about the taking of things prescribed. For through not taking disagreeable drinks, purgative or other, they sometimes die.

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Accrues Study


Better connected for better decisions

The efficacy of diabetes management software was recently shown in the Accu-Chek® Connect Reports Utility and Efficiency Study (ACCRUES).

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Bipolar Disorder


Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder spans a wide range of emotions alternating between manic symptoms and depressive extremes.

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Seeing Red


Seeing Red

Red eye is the cardinal sign of ocular inflammation. The condition is usually benign and can be managed by primary care physicians.

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Nutrition in pregnancy


Nutrition in pregnancy

A healthy, balanced diet is strongly recommended before, during and after pregnancy. Good nutrition and appropriate weight gain can improve pregnancy outcomes.

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Protein oral nutritional supplementation


Protein oral nutritional supplementation

For the elderly and malnourished hospital patient….

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Depression and Breast Cancer


AR: Evidence-based treatment

Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a global health problem affecting 10%-30% of the general population,….

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Depression and Breast Cancer


When musculoskeletal pain strikes

Musculoskeletal pain affects the muscles, ligaments and tendons, and bones….
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Depression and Breast Cancer


Depression and Breast Cancer

Anxiety and depression are common in women with breast cancer…

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Coal Tar

The case for coal tar

Whenever you see an inflamed skin, regardless of cause, the stratum corneum is leaky and permeable….

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Atopic-dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis

A chronic inflammatory skin condition, which occurs in allergy-prone (atopic) individuals…

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thrombosis

Thrombosis

You have an eligible patient that has failed Warfarin. What now?

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cervix


Women’s Health MCQ

The biological understanding of menstruation and associated symptoms is undergoing a new, intense scrutiny…

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