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Archive | HIV

Reducing TB and HIV in SA’s prisons

Inmates and people who work at the Department of Correctional Services (DCS) are at high risk of contracting TB, which in turn can filter back into their communities. To address this serious issue, there is a large national TB programme underway, which helps to address TB risks in the prison system, where inmates and DCS […]

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Additional resources to fight AIDS, TB and Malaria

The Board of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria recently approved a strategy 2017-2022 to maximise impact, strengthen systems for health, promote and protect human rights and gender equality, and mobilise additional resources. The Strategy was approved at a two-day meeting graciously hosted by the Government of Côte d’Ivoire, the first time […]

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SA PrEPs for HIV prevention

Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is the use of anti-HIV medication to keep HIV-negative people from becoming infected. PrEP is approved by the FDA and has been shown to be safe and effective. A single pill is highly effective against HIV when taken every day. PrEP has been the biggest development in HIV management in the last […]

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HIV monitoring made easy

Merck is set to launch the innovative Muse® Auto CD4/CD4% System, a portable instrument for monitoring the progression of the HIV/AIDS virus, throughout Africa. Regulatory approval has been granted in Nigeria, Cote d’lvoire, Cameroon and Angola, and is pending in SA. (more…)

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START study and the management of HIV

The Strategic Timing of Antiretroviral Treatment (START) study, a multinational, randomised trial conducted by the International Network for Strategic Initiatives in Global HIV Trials (INSIGHT), aimed to determine risks and benefits of the immediate initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in asymptomatic HIV-positive patients who had a CD4+ count of greater than 500 cells/µL as compared […]

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Self-testing in SA

Claire Smith, Editor of Medical Chronicle recently interviewed Brad Mears, Managing Director for Atomo Diagnostics Africa division about the current HIV landscape and the potential for self-testing with rapid diagnostic tests. “In the information age that we are now living in, there is greater opportunity for more patient empowerment. Patients have become better informed with […]

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HIV treatment expanded

Plans to dramatically increase antiretroviral treatment (ART) in SA from January next year have been welcomed but have also given rise to questions as to the sustainability of the move. Currently, of the 6m people who are HIV positive, 2.5m have been initiated on treatment, based on a CD4 count of 350 or lower.  This […]

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HIV drugs and future developments

Dr Prinitha Pillay Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute, Faculty of Health Sciences Since the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in 1996 for the treatment of HIV, antiretroviral drugs have transformed a death sentence into a chronic manageable disease. Today we are able to offer a single-pill, once-daily, fixed-dose combinations (FDCs) to patients, […]

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An HIV vaccine within our reach?

There are 35m HIV-infected people in the world, 70% are in sub-Saharan Africa. Although the numbers of new infections are declining, HIV still remains a huge problem. Two South African women are making great strides toward the development of an HIV vaccine. Prof Maria Papathanasopoulos from the School of Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University […]

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